Overview > Archaeology Wing > Greeks, Romans, and Jews
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Armor scales
Northern palace, Massada
73 CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Braids of hair
Northern palace, Massada
73 CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Sole of a sandal
Northern palace, Massada
73 CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Sole of a sandal with straps
Northern palace, Massada
73 CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Sole from a child's sandal
Northern palace, Massada
73 CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Comb
Northern palace, Massada
73 CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Stone table
Jerusalem
Herodian period, 1st century CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Official weight from Herod’s reign
Herodian period, 9 BCE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Monumental Ionic capital
Jewish Quarter, Jerusalem
Herodian period, 1st century BCE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Dedication of the Colosseum on a coin
Roman period
Numismatics
Roman Imperial (Judaea Capta) coin of Vespasian
Roman period
Numismatics
Shekel coin bearing the symbol of a branch with three pomegranates, and the inscription “Jerusalem the Holy”
Numismatics
Shekel coin bearing the footed chalice symbol, and the inscriptions “Y(ear) 1” (of the revolt) and “Shekel of Israel”
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Head of Alexander the Great (336–323 BCE)
Beth Shean
Hellenistic Period, 2nd-1st century BCE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Hefzibah inscription, transcript of correspondence in Greek between Antiochus III (223–187 BCE) and Ptolemy son of Thraseas
Hefzibah, Beth Shean Valley
Hellenistic period, 201–195 BCE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Heliodoros inscription, transcript of correspondence in Greek between Seleucus IV (187–175 BCE), his viceroy Heliodoros, and subordinate officials
Mareshah
Hellenistic period, 178 BCE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Decorations from an elaborate pagan coffin and burial goods
Za'aquqa, near Maresha
Hellenistic period, 3rd-1st century BCE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Pair of hoop earrings featuring a winged figure
Burial cave at Za'aquqa, near Maresha
Hellenistic period, 1st century CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Cultic figurines: a woman holding an infant, a woman playing a lyre, a youth, and a chubby child
Maresha and Akko
Hellenistic period
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Rhyton decorated with the figure of Athena, goddess of war and wisdom
Mareshah
Hellenistic period, 2nd century BCE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Table for measuring liquids
Mareshah
Hellenistic period, 2nd century BCE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Herod’s sarcophagus
Herodion
15–4 BCE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Wall painting
Herodion
20–15 BCE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Reconstruction of part of the hot room from Herod’s bathhouse
Herodion
Late 1st century BCE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
“To the place of trumpeting …,” Hebrew inscription on a parapet from the Temple Mount
Western Wall excavations at the south-western corner of the Temple Mount, Jerusalem
Herodian period, 1st century BCE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
“No foreigner shall enter ...,” Greek inscription forbidding entry to the Temple
Jerusalem
Herodian period, 1st century BCE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Graffito with temple vessels
Jewish Quarter, Jerusalem
Herodian period, 1st century BCE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Stone Ossuary of "Simon, builder of the Temple"
Giv'at Hamivtar, Jerusalem
1st century CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Corinthian capital and column drums
Jewish Quarter excavations, Jerusalem
Herodian period, 1st century CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Elegant tableware from houses in the Upper City
Jewish Quarter, Jerusalem
Herodian period, 1st century CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Large jars
Jerusalem
Herodian period, 1st century CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Elaborate ossuary of “Joseph son of Caiaphas”
Talpiot, Jerusalem
1st century CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Latin dedicatory inscription mentioning Pontius Pilate, the procurator of Judea
Caesarea
26–36 CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Ossuary bearing an architectural decoration
Jerusalem, Mount Scopus
Herodian period, 1st century BCE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Sarcophagus from the “Tomb of the Nazirite”
Jerusalem, Mount Scopus
Herodian period, 1st century CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Ossuary of Elazar and Shappira
Jerusalem, Mount Scopus
1st century BCE – 1st century CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Ossuary of Judah son of Jesus
East Talpiot, Jerusalem
Herodian period, 1st century CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Ossuary of Jesus son of Joseph
Jerusalem
Herodian period, 1st century CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Elaborate ossuary and inscription
Giv'at Hamivtar, Jerusalem
Herodian period, 1st century CE
Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods
Latin inscription on a milestone
Jerusalem
Roman period, 72–79 CE